Abandoned, over-heated and rusted vehicles on streets and highways has remained a major societal environmental degradation and sore sight in Nigeria. Although, such eyesore is unfamiliar in the FCT, it is norm in the 35 states of the country. Therefore, the End of Life Vehicle Recycling Policy and Bill comes an alternative to the environmental scourge.
“The End of Life Vehicle Recycling Bill seeks to clean-up the environment and in a longer term reduce importation of metals and vehicle parts,” says CEO of Recycling and Economic Development Initiative of Nigeria (REDIN), Terseer Ugbor.
Ugbor says the bill requires all cars in Nigeria to undergo recycling at the end of its useful lifespan. Rather than wasted or left to pollute the environment, cars are recycled part-by-part from engines, metal scraps to its batteries.
To ensure compliance, the bill provides that drivers acquiring new vehicles pay a vehicle recycling fee of N5000 at the point of purchase, while already active car users pay at the next registration or renewal of car particulars. “the monies will go into a fund set aside for the establishment of recycling facilities for batteries, engine oil and metal recycling,” Ugbor added.
At present the focus of the bill leans majorly towards the recycling of tires, car batteries, engine and vehicle metal scraps. in the long term, Ugbor averred the practice will reduce importation of metals and encourage local manufacturing of the parts.
Further, the Extended Producer Responsibility Programme of the federal government (under process) obliges waste producers take responsibility for the wastes they create. A supportive initiative to the bill, Ugbor says the programme demands that “a polluter pays principles” based on the ideal that “a waste creator must contribute to its clean-up.”
Although making its round at the national assembly, the bill most likely must address issues of who collects, manages and ensures the investment of recycling fees in the establishment of vehicle recycling industries.
Meantime, a recycling entrepreneur, Efosa Imaseun of the FURSA Tech & Industry, a tire to Astro-turf play fields and rubber flooring interlocks, has blamed the high pricing of per square of turfs and interlock, on the non-existent market for adhesives (glue), machines and its part in Nigeria. He said government should create the market to fulfil such (capital intensive) needs. “No Nigerian company produces the adhesives or machinery of production in the business,” Imaseun stated.
Five months back, the cost of per square of turf, and interlock totaled to N5,000. With the recent economic recession and a devalued naira, products costs increased to … considering the multiple stages of production from raw materials to finished products.
Production process begins with the crushing of the used tires into granules (small particles), using the … machine. Generally black in colour, but easily dyed to red, blue or green, granules are used as infills for Astroturf. The granules are emptied into the DeBinder machine, where impurities such as steel wire and fiber are extracted. After that, the granules are mechanically filtered and bagged. Granules are also used in the production of interlock rubber flooring designs, just as FURSA Tech produces.
Benefits of Astroturf and rubber interlock flooring include, “safety improvement on games ground, zero maintenance, and eco-friendly, while the latter, he added, “prevents damage or cracks in breakable objects, upon sharp contact with the rubber surface.”
About 10 container load of glue goes into the production of both products, Imaseun reveals. “The glue, machines and spare parts, the whole technology of production is imported. The (company’s) glue is unique, created specially on demand by scientists in Russia.” He said prices are unlikely to reduce since Nigeria businesses lack the finance to invest in the multi-tiered capital intensive venture. “There is need for government to create the market for the industry,” he concluded.